SCADA Miner offers 5-minute self-forecasting services to wind farms and solar farms.  Self-forecasting is an alternative to AWEFS and ASEFS (Australian Wind/Solar Energy Forecasting System).  Self-forecasting offers the generator an opportunity to significantly decrease FCAS (Frequency Control Ancillary Services) causer pays charges.

FCAS Causer Pays

FCAS regulation setpoints are sent by AEMO’s Automatic Generation Control (AGC) to those Generators enabled to provide regulation services.  If system frequency is low, AGC will call upon regulation raise from enabled FCAS providers, requesting them to increase production to accelerate system frequency.  If system frequency is high, regulation FCAS providers are requested to decrease production.

Causer Pays is used to recoup the cost of FCAS regulation services.

AEMO uses Regulation FCAS to compensate for forecast errors in production and load.  For every wind and solar farm, AEMO expects (forecasts) a certain power output at each 5 minute dispatch interval. AEMO assumes a linear ramp between dispatch intervals, and assesses Generator performance against this dispatch target every 4 seconds.

FCAS costs are recoverable from the causers of a need for regulation FCAS  i.e. Generators with poor performance compared to their forecast.

FCAS Causer-Pays (Simplified)

The following image simplifies one of the underlying concepts of FCAS causer pays. The plot depicts a hypothetical generator deviation in orange. This represents (Actual Generation minus Forecast Generation). Every four seconds, AEMO calculates a performance measure, determining how much each generator helped/hindered system frequency. Periods where the generator’s deviation supported system frequency correspond to the green shaded regions of the plot.  Periods where the deviations caused the need for regulation FCAS are shown in red.

At the end of each 28-day assessment period, AEMO aggregates the performance measures and the calculates an overall performance score.  This score is then combined with other generators in a market participant’s portfolio, and a market participant factor (MPF) is calculated. AEMO uses the MPF to apportion FCAS procurement costs to each market participant.

Benefits of Self-Forecasting

For wind and solar farms, AEMO forecasts the expected level of generation using AWEFS/ASEFS.

AEMO is responsible for the accuracy of AWEFS and ASEFS, but the Generator is accountable for forecast inaccuracy.

AEMO is introducing Participant self-forecasting in January 2019 (trials underway) to address this wrongly-assigned accountability.

High quality self-forecasts will allow large financial savings for Participants.

SCADA Miner Self-Forecasting Service

SCADA Miner’s core business is analysis of SCADA data. Our approach to forecasting is not simply to use a black-box machine-learning algorithm. We develop a wind farm or solar farm parametric model.  This model considers historical performance of each individual generating unit under a range of conditions. Relevant inputs are fed into the model to produce an auditable production forecast.  Examples of the input data include:

Wind Farms

Park Controller SCADA Data

  • Active Power
  • Active Power Setpoint
  • Capable Power
Wind Turbine SCADA Data

  • Active Power
  • Wind Speed
  • Wind Direction (also taken from met masts to detect nacelle direction drift)
  • Alarms and warnings (e.g. temperature constraints)
Met Mast SCADA Data

  • Wind Speed
  • Wind Direction
  • Air Density

Solar Farms

Park Controller SCADA Data

  • Active Power
  • Active Power Setpoint
  • Capable Power
  • Tracker status alarms/warnings
Solar Inverter SCADA Data

  • Active power Alarms and warnings (e.g. failed panels)
  • Ambient Temperature
Site-Based Cloud Camera

  • Vendor-specific information including irradiance and irradiance forecast

SCADA Miner uses the above data, combined with third-party forecasting services and weather stations, to produce an accurate 5-minute renewable generator production forecast.

As the value of our service is proportional to the accuracy of our forecasts, we offer a performance-based pricing structure.  Contact us for more information.